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ISCTE-IUL  >  Education  >  MCE

Biological Bases of Emotions (1 º Sem 2016/2017)

Code: 00120
Acronym: 00120
Level: 2nd Cycle
Basic: No
Teaching Language(s): English
Friendly languages:
Be English-friendly or any other language-friendly means that UC is taught in a language but can either of the following conditions:
1. There are support materials in English / other language;
2. There are exercises, tests and exams in English / other language;
3. There is a possibility to present written or oral work in English / other language.
1 6.0 0.0 h/sem 24.0 h/sem 12.0 h/sem 0.0 h/sem 0.0 h/sem 0.0 h/sem 1.0 h/sem 37.0 h/sem 113.0 h/sem 0.0 h/sem 150.0 h/sem
Since year 2015/2016
Objectives The general goals are to introduce students to emotions from the bottom up through their evolutionary origin and basic functions, neurophysiologic mechanisms and underlying brain structures, and teach them through overcoming the remnants of old misunderstandings in the Social and Humanities Sciences, demonstrating how the biological bases of emotion articulates with experience, culture and voluntary changes in behaviour, bridging to other disciplines and toward an up-to-date cross-disciplinary and applied vision of emotions.
Program PC1. Emotions and other affective states. Emotions as biological adaptations, resulting from evolutionary mechanisms.
PC2. Basic concepts in evolution and genetics.
PC3. The evolution of the vertebrates' nervous system and the evolution of behavior and emotion; the relation emotion-behavior.
PC4. The relation between brain structures/neurotransmitters and emotional states.
PC5. Methods and techniques to study the biological underpinnings of emotion. The role of neuroscience.
PC6. The concept of basic emotional systems.
PC7. The evolutionary and neuro-chemical bases of attachment and love. Similarities and differences between affective dependence and chemical addiction.
PC8. Emotional Empathy and its function in the establishment of affective bonds; recent findings on its evolution and neurophysiologic bases.
PC9. The  contribution of new findings on the biological bases of emotion to various domains (e.g., development, health, work).
Evaluation Method Students are given a choice between two evaluation schemes: continuous evaluation or final exam.
The continuous assessment comprises a test, an individual essay and short reports from PL classes.
The final grade will be based on: PL short reports (15%); Written essay (40%); Test (45%).
Successful completion of this UC, implies obtaining a grade 9.5 or above. Students must attend a minimum of 75% of classes.
Teaching Method Students are encouraged to put forward questions/examples, requesting detail/clarification and proposing ideas for application. The essay will require students to search for recent research papers on their topic of choice and explain what the papers bring anew to a program topic.
Basic Bibliographic Buss, D (2014). Comment: evolutionary criteria for considering an emotion "Basic": Jealousy as an illustration. Emotion Review, 6 (4): 1-3.
Damásio, A. (1994). Descartes error. New York: G.P. Putnam.
Decety, J. & Ickes, W. (2009). The social neuroscience of empathy. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Lewis, M., Haviland Jones, J.M. & Barrett, L.F. (2010). Handbook of emotions (3rd Edition). New York: The Guilford Press.
Panksepp J. & Yovell Y. (2014) . Preclinical modeling of primal emotional affects (Seeking, Panic and Play): Gateways to the Development of New Treatments for Depression. Psychopathology, 47(6): 408-416.
Pina, M. & Gonthier, N. (2014). The Evolution of social communication in primates. Interdisciplinary evolution research. New York: Springer.
Toates, F. (2011). Biological psychology (3rd Ed.). Harlow, England: Pearson Education Limited.
Complementar Bibliographic Donaldson, Z.R. & Young, L.J. (2008). Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and the Neurogenetics of Sociality. Science 322, 900-904
Galese, V. (2001). The Shared Manifold Hypothesis From Mirror Neurons To Empathy. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 8 (57), 33-50.
Gaspar , A. (2014) . Neurobiologia e Psicologia da Empatia. Pontos de partida para a investigação e intervenção da promoção da empatia. In: A.C. Caldas e P. Hanenberg. (Eds), O Cérebro: o que a ciência nos diz. Número Especial da Revista Povos  e Culturas,18, 159-174. Lisboa: CEPCEP, Universidade Católica Portuguesa.
Gaspar, A., Esteves, F. and Arriaga, P. (2014). On prototypical facial expressions vs variation in facial behavior: lessons learned on the "visibility" of emotions and the evolution of facial expressions  from measuring facial actions in humans and apes. In M. Pina and N. Gontier (Eds), The Evolution of Social Communication in Primates: A Multidisciplinary Approach, (new series) Interdisciplinary Evolution Research. New York: Springer.
Iacoboni, M. (2009). Imitation, Empathy, and Mirror Neurons Annual Review of Psycholgy, 60, 653-70.
Kinsley, C.H. & Lambert, K.G. (2006). The Maternal Brain. Scientific American, 72-79.
LeDoux, J. (1998). The Emotional Brain. The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life: New York: Simon & Schuster.
Panksepp, J. (2004). Affective Neuroscience. The Foundations of human and animal emotions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Panksepp, J. (2005). Affective consciousness: Core emotional feelings in animals and humans. Consciousness and Cognition, 14 (1), 30-80.
Razzolati, G. Fogassi, L. & Galese, V (2006). Mirrors in the Mind. Scientific American, 54-61
Reeve, J. (2009). Understanding Motivation and Emotion. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Smith, A. (2006). Cognitive Empathy and Emotional Empathy in human Behavior and Evolution. The Psychological Record, 56, 3-21.
Zimmer, C. (2003). Evolution: The Triumph of an Idea: from Darwin to DNA. New South Wales: Arrow Books

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