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ISCTE-IUL  >  Education  >  MS

Gender, the Military and International Security (1 º Sem 2016/2017)

Code: 02402
Acronym: 02402
Level: 2nd Cycle
Basic: No
Teaching Language(s): English
Friendly languages:
Be English-friendly or any other language-friendly means that UC is taught in a language but can either of the following conditions:
1. There are support materials in English / other language;
2. There are exercises, tests and exams in English / other language;
3. There is a possibility to present written or oral work in English / other language.
1 6.0 0.0 h/sem 20.0 h/sem 0.0 h/sem 0.0 h/sem 0.0 h/sem 0.0 h/sem 1.0 h/sem 21.0 h/sem 129.0 h/sem 0.0 h/sem 150.0 h/sem
Since year 2016/2017
Objectives This course introduces students to a variety of theoretical perspectives and empirical processes linking gender to the dynamics of security and armed conflict, both at the domestic and international levels. Towards achieving this goal, it sets three main objectives: 1) To provide students with theoretical and analytical tools to understand a)the historical and cross-cultural connections between gender, war and peace and b) the way gender operates at the distinct analytical levels of social institutions and interaction; 2) To comparatively analyze gender integration processes in the armed forces of western democracies, focusing on the variety of processes through which gender informs the politics and practices of the military; 3) To identify and discuss the implications and challenges of a new gender regime in international security which has been developing since the approval of UNSC Resolution 1325 in 2000.
1.1A cross-cultural view on gender,war and peace
1.2Women and war:an historical overview
1.3What is gender?Setting the conceptual ground
1.4Gendered organizations
2.1The military as a gendered organization; 2.2Masculinity(ies) in the military
2.3Women in the military:the debate around integration 2.4Gender,cohesion and performance
2.5Factors that affect women?s military roles
2.6Patterns of gender integration in the armed forces
2.7Women in frontline combat
2.8Sexual harassment and assault in the military
2.9Sexual orientation and the military
3.1Gender,security and international relations
3.2The gendered culture of peacekeeping operations
3.3Soldiers and sexual violence in armed conflicts
3.4Women soldiers in peacekeeping operations
3.5Women,peace and security:UN Resolution 1325
3.6The political agenda of IO on gender and security
3.7A new gender regime in international security?
Evaluation Method The course requirements include the following:
1)  A short critical review of one of the classes? set of assigned readings (3 pages)(20%); 2)  A final essay exploring in greater depth one of the course topics (12-15 pages) (60%); 3)  In-class group presentation (10%); 4)  Class participation (10%).
Participants in this course are supposed to attend all sessions, complete the required readings before the class for which they are assigned and actively participate in the debates.
Teaching Method Besides the students autonomous work and tutorial orientation, there will be two main type of sessions for this course:1)Theoretical-practical sessions where analytical perspectives are examined, systematized and discussed; 2)Seminar discussions, including students? in class presentations and debate around the various topics in the syllabus. Both type of session will resort to the use of visual and multimedia materials, including photos, short videos and documentaries.
Basic Bibliographic Carreiras, Helena (2006), Gender and the military. Women in the armed forces of western democracies, London and New York, Routledge
Duncanson, Claire, (2013), Forces for Good? Military Masculinities and Peacebuilding in Afghanistan and Iraq, Basingstoke, Palgrave
Funmi Olonisakin, Karen Barnes and Eka Ikpe (eds.) (2011), Women, peace and security: translating policy into practice, New York, Routledge.
Goldstein, Joshua (2001), War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Katzenstein, Mary F. and Judith Reppy, eds. (1999) Beyond Zero Tolerance, Discrimination in Military Culture. Lanham: Rowan & Littlefield Publishers.
Louise Olsson and Torunn L. Tryggestad (eds) (2001), Women and 
International Peacekeeping, London, Frank Cass, pp.49?68.
Whitworth, Sandra (2004), Men, Militarism & UN Peacekeeping: A Gendered Analysis, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner
Complementar Bibliographic Acker, Joan (1990), "Hierarchies, Jobs, Bodies: a Theory of Gendered Organizations" Gender and Society, 4(2): pp. 139-158.
Addis, Elisabetta, Lorenza Sebesta, and Valeria Russo (1994) Women Soldiers, Images and Realities. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Allred, Keith J. (2006), ?Peacekeepers and Prostitutes. How Deployed Forces Fuel the Demand for Trafficked Women and New Hope for Stopping it?, Armed Forces & Society, 33(1):5-23.
Baaz, M.E., Stern M. (2009), ?Why Do Soldiers Rape? Masculinity, Violence, and Sexuality in the Armed Forces in the Congo (DRC)?, International Studies Quarterly, 53(2):495-518.
Barkawi, T., Christopher Dandeker, Melissa Wells-Petry and Elisabeth Kier (1999), ?Rights and Fights: sexual orientation and military effectiveness? International Security, 24(1): 181-201.
Belkin, Aaron, Morten G. Ender, Nathaniel Frank, Stacie R. Furia, George Lucas, Gary Packard, Steven M. Samuels, Tammy Schultz and David R. Segal (2013) ?Readiness and DADT Repeal: Has the New Policy of Open Service Undermined the Military??
 Armed Forces & Society, 39(4): 587-601.
Blanchard, Eric M. (2003), ?
Gender, International Relations, and the Development of Feminist Security Theory?, Signs, 28(4): 1289-1312.
Bridges, Donna and Debbie Horsfall (2009), ?Increasing Operational Effectiveness in UN Peacekeeping: Toward a Gender-Balanced Force? Armed Forces & Society, 36:1 pp.120-130.
Britton, Dana (2000), "The Epistemology of the Gendered Organization" Gender and Society 14(3):418-34.
Carreiras, Helena and Gerhard Kummel (orgs.), Women in the Military and in Armed Conflict, Wiesbaden, Vs Verlag.
Connell, R. (1987), Gender and Power: Society, the Person and Sexual Politics. Stanford: Stanford University Press
Dharmapuri, Sahana (2011), ?Just Add Women and Stir??, Parameters, spring, U.S. Army War College.
Egnell, Robert (2013), ?Gender Perspectives and Fighting?, Parameters, 43(2):33-41.
Elshtain, Jean B. (1995) Women and War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Elshtain, Jean Bethke (2000), ?Shooting at the Wrong Target: A Response to Van Creveld,? Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 29(2):443?448.
Ely, Robin, Erica Foldy and Maureen A. Scully (eds.) (2001), ?Men and Women of the Corporation, Rosabeth Moss Kanter?, in Reader in Gender, Work and Organization, Oxford, Blackwell, pp. 34-48.
Firestone, Juanita M. and Richard J. Harris (1994), "Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military: Individualized and Environmental Contexts." Armed Forces & Society 21(1):25-43.
Haring, Ellen ?(2013), ?What women bring to the fight? Parameters, 43(2):27-32.
Howes, Ruth H. and Michael R. Stevenson, eds. (1993), Women and the Use of Military Force. Boulder: Lynne Rienner publishers.
Iskra, Darlene, Stephen Trainor, Marcia Leithauser and Mady Wechsler Segal (2002), ?Women's Participation in Armed Forces Cross-Nationally: Expanding Segal's Model?, Current Sociology, 50(5):771-797.
Joachim, Jutta and Andrea Schneiker (2012), ? Of 'true professionals' and 'ethical hero warriors': A gender-discourse analysis of private military and security companies?, Security Dialogue, 43(6):495?512.
Kier, Elisabeth (1999), "Discrimination and Military Cohesion: an Organizational Perspective." in Mary F. Katzenstein and Judith Reppy (eds.), Beyond Zero Tolerance. Discrimination in Military Culture, Lanham, Rowan & Littlefield, pp. 25-52.
Kier, Elizabeth, (1998), ?Homosexuals in the U.S. Military: Open Integration and Combat Effectiveness? International Security, 23(2):5-39.
King, Anthony (2013) ?The female soldier?, Parameters, 43(2):13-25.
Lackenbauer, Helené, Langlais, Richard (2013), Review of the practical implications of UNSCR 1325 for the conduct of NATO-led operations and missions, Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI) (online: http://www.nato.int/nato_static/assets/pdf/pdf_2013_10/20131021_131023-UNSCR1325-review-final.pdf).
MacCoun, Robert J., Elizabeth Kier and Aaron Belkin (2006), ?Does Social Cohesion Determine Motivation in Combat?: An Old Question with an Old Answer?, Armed Forces and Society, 32 (4):646-654.
Macdonald, Sharon, Pat Holden, and Shirley Ardener, eds. 1987. Images of Women in Peace and War. Cross-Cultural and Historical Perspectives. London: Macmillan.
Miller, Laura L. (1997),
?Not Just Weapons of the Weak: Gender Harassment as a Form of Protest for Army Men?, Social Psychology Quarterly, 60(1): 32-51.
Miller, Laura L. and Charles Moskos (1995), ?Humanitarians or Warriors?: Race, Gender, and Combat Status in Operation Restore Hope?
, Armed Forces & Society 1995 21:4, pp. 615-637.
Moradi, Bonnie and Laura Miller (2010), ?Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans toward Gay and Lesbian Service Members?
, Armed Forces & Society, 36(3):397-419.
Sasson-Levy, Orna and Sarit Amram-Katz (2007), ?Gender Integration in Israeli Officer Training: Degendering and Regendering the Military?, Signs, 33(1):105-133.
Segal, David R. and Meyer Kestenbaum (2002), "Professional Closure in the Military Labour Market: A Critique of Pure Cohesion," in Don Snider and Gayle Watkins (eds.) The Future of the Army Profession, New York, McGraw-Hill, pp. 41-58.
Segal, Mady (1995), "Women's Military Roles Cross-Nationally - Past, Present and Future", Gender and Society, 9(6):757-75.
Segal, Mady (1999), "Gender and the Military" in Janet S. Chafetz (ed.), Handbook of the Sociology of Gender, New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, pp. 563-81.
Silva, Jennifer (2008), ?A New Generation of Women? How Female ROTC Cadets Negotiate the Tension between Masculine Military Culture and Traditional Femininity?, Social Forces, 87(2):937-960.
Simić, Olivera (2010), ?Does the Presence of Women Really Matter? Towards Combating Male Sexual Violence in Peacekeeping Operations?, International Peacekeeping, 17(2):188?199.
Sion, Liora (2008), ?Peacekeeping and the Gender Regime: Dutch Female Peacekeepers in Bosnia and Kosovo?, Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 37(5):561-585.
Solaro, Erin (2006), Women in the line of fire. What you should know about women in the Military, Emeryville, Seal Press, pp. 75-103.
Stachowitsch, Saskia (2013), ?Military Privatization and the Remasculinization of the State: Making the Link Between the Outsourcing of Military Security and Gendered State Transformations?,
International Relations, 27(1):74?94.
Tickner, J. Ann  (1992), ?Engendered insecurities: feminist perspectives in IR? in Gender in International Relations: Feminist Perspectives on Achieving Global Security, New York: Columbia University Press, pp.1-26.
Titunik, Regina (2008), ?The Myth of the Macho Military?, Polity, 40(2):137-163.
UNSCR 1325 and other resolutions
Valenius, Johanna (2007), ?A Few Kind Women: Gender Essentialism and Nordic Peacekeeping Operations?, International Peacekeeping, 14(4):510?523.
Van Creveld, Martin (2000), ?The Great Illusion: Women in the Military,? Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 29(2):429?442.
West, Candace and Don H. Zimmerman (1987),  "Doing Gender", Gender and Society, 1(2):125-151.
Yoder, Janice, (1991), ?Rethinking Tokenism: Looking beyond Numbers?, Gender and Society, 5(2):178-192.